It has been suggested that if humanity wants to truly embark on a renewed era of space exploration, one of the key ingredients is the ability to manufacture structures in space. By assembling everything from satellites to spacecraft in orbit, we would eliminate the most costly aspect of going to space. This, simply put, is the sheer expense of escaping Earth’s gravity well, which requires heavy launch vehicles and LOTS of fuel!
As part of a $142 million contract signed with NASA, SPIDER will assemble seven elements to form a 3-meter (9-foot) communications antenna that will communicate with ground stations in the Ka-band. It will also construct a 10-meter (32-foot) lightweight composite spacecraft beam – using technology developed by Washington-based aerospace company Tethers Unlimited – to demonstrate that structures can be built in space.
Infographic detailing the benefits of satellite servicing. Credit: NASA/GSFC/SSPD
AND NASTAR's parent Virgin Galactic
A new space company is Firefly Space.com!!
A better known company is Elon Musk's Spacex!!
Click here for The
Here is: NASA's NASA SPACEFLIGHT site
Click Heree for NASA's Themis' Mission
Click Here for Nasa's Solar System Simulator
And here for NASA's NASA's science for all
This site simulates Meteor Impacts
Here is NASA's site for risks associated with The Rsks of near earth objects colliding with earth
Here is the site for NASA's
For now the only way to get into space is the Space Shuttle Countdown site
For a contray look at Nasa it's NASA Problems!!!
Here is travel information to Kennedy Space center.com
Here is NASA's attempt at antigravity Anti-Gravity and perpetural motioJJn
Here is a competitor to NASA It's Arianespace of Europe
To help bring down the cost of space travel Click Heree for The X Prize contest to bring down the cost of Space
Here is where you train for space At Space Flight Training.com
Here is a free orbital Simulator
And here is Nasa's Spaceflight center
Here is the
Home page for the international space station
If want to view some up to date photos of our solar system, here is Nasa's PhotoJournalism site
Here is NASA's search site Search NASA
A Jandiced view of NASA NASA watch
Here is Hobby Space
Yet another interest is outer space exploration; I Have hot-links to help you explore!
Here is an inreresting uk site Darkstar
To begin with, here is NASA's HQ page N A S A's H Q.
You can monitor Space Shuttle Missions as they fly from here! Shuttle Mission control
This Nasa site site helps you to OBSERVE THE EARTH
This site to observe the sun it's The official SOHO site!
In order to explore space you must go faster than light! NASA's interstellar page
This is NASA's
DSN NOW is a live visualization of NASA�s Deep Space Network usage
and which spacecraft the various antennae are talking to.
It shows realtime data of which of the three antenna complexes
are being used to communicate with the various missions, how far away
the spacecraft are, and various other details about data rates, speeds and modes.
NSAS'S latest Addition History of the Space Program in free e-books!!!!!
Here is NASA's Hubble Heritage site
AND here is NASA's Nasa's time series Slide show
Here is NASA's Deep Space Network
AND NASA's Solar System by NASA!
AND NASA's Planetary data system
Here is Nasa' Near Earth Objects Observatory
This is JPL's site J P L's H Q
Here for weather in space Space weather
This site for NASA's Science site
Here is NOAA's Space weather site
Here for NASA's Observation site
An online training The largest Space NGO in the U.S the Kepler Space Institute
You track satellites Here
First the NASA page for the spirit probe(Click Heree for simulated tracking) The Spirit is launched to MARS!
What the Martians think of Curosity!!!
How cool is this? An animation of seven images from the HiRISE camera on the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter
show a �flapping� of the parachute that allowed the Curiosity rover to descend safely through Mars atmosphere images.
The chute, imaged as it lay on the ground following the rover�s safe landing, was blown about by the Martian breeze!
The images were acquired by HiRISE between August 12, 2012 and January 13, 2013. The different images show distinct changes in the parachute,
which is attached to the backshell that encompassed the rover during launch, flight and descent.
A series of images from the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE)
camera on NASA�s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter show how the appearance of dark markings on Martian slope
changes with the seasons.
Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Univ. of Arizona.
The web site of The Mars Reconnaissance Web Site"
Seasonal flows spotted by HiRISE on northwestern slopes in Hale Crater. (NASA/JPL/University of Arizona)
As the midsummer Sun beats down on the southern mountains of Mars, bringing daytime temperatures soaring up to a balmy 25�C (77�F),
some of their slopes become darkened with long, rusty stains that may be the result of water seeping out from just below the surface.
Explore Mars from Google.com map system!
And here is Mars Pedia.org
And the Link to The Cydonia Institute!!!
This web site is provided to the public for educational and research purposes
in the exploration of unusual structures found on Mars within the boundaries of the Cydonia area.
Independent articles are presented here in an effort to provide a venue for the comparative analysis of
NASA's photographs (Note; we have not altered any of the NASA source images presented on this site).
The public is free to use limited excerpts of our articles including text and images, as long as the author
and The Cydonia Institute is credited. The contents of this web site may not be reproduced or redistributed with
out the written permission from The Cydonia Institute. All articles on this site are condensed versions of larger manuscripts.
Additional text and images, for most articles, are available on request.
Be sure to bookmark this site; because new discoveries are being made all the time.
Amendments to current articles are also made periodically. Director George J. Haas Associate Director William R. Saunders Members Michael Dale James Miller Lee Bogart The Cydonia Institute (Established 1991)
a good way to begin is to look at a Context Camera(CTX) Image
to find interesting locations image map!
Mars Rovers Site
MARS Rovers Now???
This is the Archive for The Spirit Rover
This is the Archive for The Opportunity Rover
From this website You can explore mars Now!!
Another MArs Simulation mission The latest news about MARS ARCTIC 365!
And here is Mars Home.org
Check this web site for is NASA hacking the pictures?
Here is the Planetary Society's Aim For Mars.org website
The latest pictures from mars: Jpl Mars Gallery
Here is the outfiter you need to go to mars it's Starry night's Mars store
Here is a new effort it's The Mars Institute
This the website for
Here is the website for
The European Beagle probe
And another Mars news site:
Here is a great new site
It's Red Colony.com! Here is
Red colony.com's Link page
Here is a site for
Martian Weather Report!
A special feature from Red Colony.com is the Mars Picture of the day!
Here is the website for The European Beagle probe
Here is Mars TV
And another Mars news site: It's Marstoday
Here is a great new site
It's Red Colony.com!
Here is Red colony.com's Link page
Here is a site for Martian Weather Report!
A special feature from Red Colony.com is the Mars Picture of the day!
Here is a Novel(?) about Mars it's The Mars Records!!
And A novel which reads like faction it's The Martian by andy weir
Here is Nasa's new Mars O Web Project
Here is Nasa Ames Homepage
Here is NASA's site for Nasa' Odyssey's space craft
Here is Themis' Mars 2001 Themis Data Distribution Site
Here is Odyssey's Themis camera
Here for an uncalibrated daily picture Visible light picture
Here for Odyssey's Neutron Spectrometer
Here is a German site asking What's going on on Mars???
Here is NASA's Mars Landing sites site
Click Here for Mars Observer Home page
Here is a web page for Science Headlines from NASA
Let's start with an upcoming movie about Mars! Mission to Mars
Here is another Mars organization It's the Mars Hill organization!
Here is the new One way trip to mars it's MARS ONE!!!
Click Here for The Planetary Society
THIS is the Planetary Society's Blog index page
Here is the Planetary Galaxy dynamics lab
another animation of 2010 TK7's wild orbit
The planetary Society of JAPAN
NASA has a neat Mars Exploration site Center for Mars Exploration
Here is a page with which you can explore Mars!!!! The Mars Pathfinder Page
Nasa has another pathfinder page..... Mars global surveyor
Here is NASA's Mars Global Surveyor
The next surveyor Mission The Mars 2001 Mission
Another componet is the Mars rover The Mars Rover Site
Here are three sites from the Malin Space systems Co. Malin Site #1
This site #2 for Malin systems: Malin Site #2
This site #3 Planetary Mysteries
Another site for Malin Mars Pictures: Current Mars Pictures
This site is a simulation of mars on Earth The Artic Mars Simulation organization
This site is for the National Institute of Science and technology N.I.S.T
This section helps you find your new home on mars!
This page is a proposal for A Mars Government!
This site to help you locate The Red Colony
After you decide where you want to live on your new planet, Here for youre new house on Mars!
India is gearing up for its first ever space undertaking to the Red Planet dubbed the Mars Orbiter Mission, or MOM � which is the brainchild of the Indian Space Research Organization, or ISRO. Among other objectives, MOM will conduct a highly valuable search for potential signatures of Martian methane which could stem from either living or non living sources. The historic Mars bound probe also serves as a forerunner to bolder robotic exploration goals. If all goes well India would become only the 4th nation or entity from Earth to survey Mars up close with spacecraft, following(...) Read the rest of India�s First Mars Mission Set to Blast off Seeking Methane Signature
Click Here for The Mercury Messenger Mission Main Page
The trajectory of the Mercury MESSENGER, which flew by Mercury in 2008 and 2009, and orbited the planet beginning in 2011. (A long discussion of the complexities of the planetary flybys and gravitational assists required to achieve this goal, which required a considerable amount of time to write, was inadvertantly lost in saving this file; and as a result of the frustration involved in that loss, will be put off until another day. In the meantime, this page serves as a placeholder and a prod to repost the discussion sooner rather than later.) (Johns Hopkins, Carnegie Institution, NASA). (placeholder for at least two pages -- Orbital Perturbations, which will be more about the basic physics, and Gravitational Assists, which will be more about its application to spacecraft, such as Mariner 10 and Mercury MESSENGER) Gravitational assists (sometimes referred to as "gravitational slingshots") involve the use of a planet's gravity to change the orbit of a spacecraft. Similar changes occur when celestial bodies, such as comets or asteroids, pass near a planet; but in those cases, the orbital changes are referred to as perturbations. Gravitational assists, although fundamentally the same, involve the deliberate use of planetary perturbations to change spacecraft orbits, to reduce the amount of fuel required to achieve a desired orbit. The Mercury MESSENGER spacecraft's orbital path(s) represent one of the best examples of the use of gravitational assists, both because of the complexity of the orbital changes (half a dozen gravitational assists were used), and because the assists allowed an otherwise impossible result -- namely, insertion into orbit around Mercury. (keeping in mind that this is a very quick and dirty introduction, to be replaced by a clearer and more detailed discussion, complete with diagrams:) To send a spacecraft to another planet, we must first get it off the ground and away from the Earth. This requires huge amounts of energy, and enormous rockets, in comparison to the size of the payload (the scientific instruments, power and control systems, and radio transmitters and antennas). But even if we expend such energies, all we basically do is put the spacecraft into an orbit around the Sun essentially identical to the orbit of the Earth (it is in essentially the same place, relative to the Sun, moving at essentially the same velocity as the Earth, if all we do is get it off the Earth; having the same motion in the same place as the Earth, the Sun's gravity will give it the same orbit). To send it to another planet, we have to speed it up relative to the Sun (if we want to send it to an outer planet) or slow it down (if we want to send it to an inner planet). As an example, if we launch a spacecraft into nearly-Earth-orbital flight, then change its motion relative to the Earth to send it to another planet, we need to speed it up by about 3 miles per second to send it to Mars, and 9 miles per second to send it to Jupiter; whereas to reach Venus, we need to slow it down by about 3 miles per second, and to reach Mercury, we need to slow it down by about 9 miles per second. (The energy required to do this goes as the square of the speed change, so it takes nearly 10 times as much energy per pound to send a spacecraft to Mercury or Jupiter as it does to send one to Mars or Venus). The change in motion described above can be accomplished by firing the spacecraft's rockets while it is in Earth orbit, headed forward relative to the Earth (to increase its speed and send it outward), or backward relative to the Earth (to decrease its speed and send it inward). Part of the rocket power changes the orbit from one around the Earth to one around the Sun (taking it away from the Earth on a more or less permanent basis), and the rest changes the orbital velocity (as specified above, for the four planets listed there). Now suppose we follow a spacecraft thrown/fired backward relative to our orbit, at 9 miles per second, so that instead of moving forward (with the Earth) at 18 miles per second, it is only moving forward at 9 miles per second (both speeds relative to the Sun). If the spacecraft still had 18 miles per second speed, it would follow the same orbit as the Earth; but reducing its speed to half that value would cause it to fall inward, toward the Sun, and eventually, to the orbit or Mercury. So if the relative positions of the Earth and Mercury are correct, the spacecraft can sweep past Mercury, as it falls to its orbit. The trouble is, that is exactly what it would do -- just sweep past Mercury, take a few pictures, then continue on its orbit, and to a first approximation, return to the origin of its motion; namely, the place in our orbit where we launched it. As it happens, that's essentially what was done with the first spacecraft to fly by Mercury -- Mariner 10 -- in 1974. It was thrown backwards, fell towards Mercury, and snapped pictures of the sunlit side of the planet as it swept past it. And if its orbit had remained as it started off, that would have been just about it. However, by going past Mercury, the spacecraft experienced a change in its orbital motion which reduced its speed, and the size of its orbit, so instead of returning to our orbit, it moved only partway outward, then fell back to Mercury's orbit. Fortunately, it was realized beforehand that the time required for it to follow the new, smaller orbit was approximately two Mercury years, so that when the spacecraft returned to the point where it passed Mercury in 1974, Mercury wouldn't be far from returning to the same point. By carefully choosing the distance and orientation of the spacecraft as it passed Mercury, the orbital period of the spacecraft was made exactly equal to two Mercury years, so that it was able to take additional photos of the planet, about six months later (unfortunately, Mercury rotates exactly once every two "years", so exactly the same side of Mercury was facing the Sun; but at least this did allow for better and more complete photographic coverage of the sunward side of the planet). In fact, it proved possible to arrange the second flyby to allow for a third and final flyby, under the same circumstances, another two Mercury years or six months later, in 1975. (Hence the three flyby dates shown on the Mercury page, in March and September of 1974, and March of 1975). (to follow later -- aside from a grammatically and pedadogically superior discussion, and diagrams of the Mariner 10 flyby -- drawings showing how MESSENGER passed by the Earth a year after its initial launch, and was slowed down enough to fall toward Venus; a discussion of how the half dozen gravitational assists allows the spacecraft to lose enough speed to attain orbit (in 2011); an introductory discussion of the physics of planetary perturbations; and examples of similar interactions involving asteroids and comets)
Click Here for The NASA Astrophysics Data System!!!
Here is a great space news site Space Future.com
Looking for new space images? Then Click Heree for Image of the week from ESA!
Here is a new space news site it's Weird World News site
And here is another site It's Space News.info
And here is LUNARTIC.COM
And another space information site: Space COM
And Space.com's Video player main page
This is a new Space Communnity site: Cosmiverse!!!
and yet here the weekly space hangout crew
here is the sibling site to Cosmiverse it's Cosmic Voyager!!!
Here is a spot for kids It's Explore zone
Here is a wonderfull space resource it's Heavens Above
World Wind lets you zoom from satellite altitude into
any place on Earth. Leveraging Landsat satellite imagery and Shuttle
Radar Topography Mission data, World Wind lets you experience Earth
terrain in visually rich 3D, just as if you were really there.
Here is nasa's Scientific Visualization Studio
This is NASA's Multi spectral Observatory The Virtual Observatory
This site specializes in introductory material Introduction to Planetary Nubulae
From this site you can explore the clementine Photos the establishment lets you view! The Clementine site
You can monitor Nasa's Lunar Prospector mission form here Lunar Prospector Exploration Site
From this site, you can explore the Solar System The Internet orrey
And here is a private effort
Space Flight Now.com
Unusual white dwarf SDSS J1240+6710 (arrowed) has a mass of 0.56 that of the Sun and is located
about 1,200 light-years away. Image
credit: S.O. Kepler, et al. / Sloan Digital Sky Survey.
Here is Spaceref.com main site
Here is Spaceref Canada
Here is spaceref canada sponsor It's Sky News Magazine
Here is Spaceref's TV channels
Here is Spaceref's Astrobiology page
Here is Trans orbital of Alexandria VA
And the Russian conter part Kosmotras.ru
Here is Space Science.com
The griffith Observatory has Spacew.com
a great effort is Destination Space
Here is destination Space's Chat room!
Here is another site it's
Here is a great effort from north of the border IT'S UNIVERSE Today.com!!!
Here is the links page from Universe today's Links
An Afflited site is: Cosmoquest.org!!
And another one is Know the universe from Scott Lewis
Looking for images from space??? It's Spaceimaging.com!
Here is anothe space imaging company It's space images.com
here is another space reporting service Space daily
Headline services from Spacedaily
|Solar X-rays: |
Radio propagation On Earth due to Space weatherr
email educator labs: Jasmine Dyoco
Email sara at educator labs: Sara at educator labs
Another Neat educational site
California State Northridge's Resource for teaching astronomy
Here is American Astronomical Society's Resources for Educators
Aerospace History: History of the Space Shuttle"
IOP Institute of Physics Teaching astronomy and space videos
Calcultors.org's Online Physics Calculators
AN Educational Site for kids!!
This site for An educational institution for Rice University out reach
Another organization for re-usable launch vehicles is: The Space Frontier Foundation
Educational Space stuff here at Space day the students explore space
Here is the
Archives Library Information Center
What is ALIC? The Archives Library Information Center (ALIC) is more than a traditional library. Recognizing that our customers no longer expect to work within the walls of a library, these pages are designed to provide NARA staff and researchers nationwide with convenient access to content beyond the physical holdings of our two traditional libraries. ALIC provides access to information on American history and government, archival administration, information management, and government documents to NARA staff, archives and records management professionals, and the general public. Our physical library locations are in the National Archives Buildings in Washington, DC, and in College Park, MD.
And here is: JACO Aerospace education space sources
Another source of space information: National Geographic - Exploring MARS
A private source of Space information is: Space.com!!
A student's Science Fair display resource guiide
And I think that this is a great source of space information Universe today!!!!
A real neat site is Solar System scope a digital simulation of our solar system!
An important foundation is
The B612 Foundation:
Asteroids can and do strike Earth. Want to help us change this? click here!
Or the THe Sentinel Mission
The weekly The space review .com
Here is Jonathan's Space report......
Here is a site about Space politics
Click Heree for a report on Mining the planets/asteroids???
Here is the Web site for the russian space program
Click Here for Basic orbital Mechanics
This site for 100 years of E=M*C*C !
Click Here for Astro Science Multiple astro subjects
Click Heree for the web site International Space week!
Here is International Spaceweek Links
And here is the 2002 Aerospace commision report!!!
Here is a web site Science Daily
AND here for 1000 planets.com!
Information on 30,000 foot view of the past, present and future???
Moons pass by Saturn�s rings. An eclipse takes place on Jupiter. We see these shots every day in images
from space agencies, but how would it be to actually float in a nearby spacecraft and watch these in action?
And here is the Homepage of Astronaut Photography
And here for The Home Page of the Goddard Spaceflight Center
to track the ISS, Shuttle etc Click Heree for real time tracking
Here is a speculative method of space travel The matter-anti-matter drive
Here is news on Nuclear propulsion in space
You need a destination clicke here to Search for earth like worlds
here is a gallery of The European Space agency
Click Heree for The European Space Agency
Here is the manufactuer of your Space ship its Venture Star!
Here i another private company trying to develop space it's The Space Island Group!
An intermediate stop on your voyage is The International Space station!
You will need reading reading matter about the future Starlog magazine!
Here is a site for real time simulations etc Here is four Mil Lab!!
Click Heree for Space information search engine! It's Internets.com
The next Einstein? It's Dr. Michio Kaku!!!
Here is a site for Astronomical software It's starry night Software
Metaphysical stuff here
A more metaphysical site is Meta Research
A new metaphysical research site is Enigmatatv
Here is another site for conspiracy/astronomical related stuff it's Terminator/Armageddon
Here is a site for Planet X!
This section is a tip of the hat to Art Bell's earth changes theory
The U.S. Global changes program United States Global Change program
Another site for Global changes is Art Bell's Global Super Storm Site
Here some Establishment Science Magazines to look into:
Final Frontier Magazine has some interesting stuff Explore the Final Frontier
I majored in Physics and here are two magazines to follow! Physics Today Magazine
And the second one is: Scientific American Magazine
This magazine is For Scientific Computing and Automation Magazine
Occasionally, this magazine publishes some interesting Science Popular Science Magazine
This small section focuses on physics....
Physics information found here Physics web
And just plain Physics
This section for Scientific Reseach
Here is the National Biological Research Institute
Here is the American Astronomical Society!
Space shuttle Atlantis wraps up the shuttle program with an early orning return to Kennedy Space Center in Florida. Photo Credit: Mike Deep for Universe Today
The final landing of Space Shuttle Discovery at the Kennedy Space Center. OV-103 has flown over 365 days in space in total. This final landing took place on March 9th, 2011 concluding the success mission of STS-133.